There are 197 countries in the world. Most of them are huge but some are surprisingly small. Some are even smaller than some famous cities in the world.
Here are the 10 smallest countries in the world by area.
Area: 344 km²
Grenada is an island country in the Caribbean Sea consisting of the main island of Grenada and six smaller islands. It is also known as “Island of Spice”due to it being the largest exporter of nutmeg and mace. Grenada was colonized by the French and has a strong French influenced tradition, culture, and architecture.
Area: 316 km²
Malta is a splendid archipelago country in the Mediterranean sea. It is one of the smallest and densely populated countries in the world. The tiny island nation of Malta is crammed with splendid sights, beautiful lagoons, and rock formations. Malta’s capital Valletta is listed as UNESCO world heritage site.
Area: 298 km²
The Republic of Maldives is an island country in the Indian Ocean. The Maldives comprises of 26 natural atolls and encompass more than 99 % of the sea and less than 1 % of the land. There are a total of 1,190 islands out of which only 187 and inhabited.
7. Saint Kitts and Nevis
Area: 261 km²
The dual-island nation of Saint Kitts and Nevis is a combination of beaches, mountains, and a rich history. The islands have an abundant marine life and provide fantastic diving. The large sugar plantation estates have been converted into hotels and resorts.
Area: 160 km²
Liechtenstein is a tiny country landlocked between Switzerland and Austria. Liechtenstein doesn’t have an international airport and can only be accessed from Switzerland by a local bus. It is one of the richest countries in the world and the largest producer of false teeth.
5. San Marino
Area: 61.2 km²
The Republic of San Marino is the oldest surviving sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world. The micronation of San Marion is the 3rd smallest country in Europe and is completely surrounded by Italy.
Area: 26 km²
Tuvalu an island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, midway between Hawaii and Australia. The islands appear like a dazzling smear of turquoise and green appears, ringed with coral and studded with tiny, palm-topped islets. Due to the difficulty in reaching, tourism is not a very significant industry.
Area: 21 km²
The Republic of Nauru is an island country in Micronesia in the Central Pacific. It was once a rich nation due to its huge phosphate mining and was formerly known as the Pleasant Island. Nauru is now in a poor state, with high unemployment, minimal health care and has one of the highest obesity rates in the world. It currently relies on Australia for support and security.
Area: 2.02 km²
The Principality of Monaco is a sovereign city-state and microstate, located on the French Riviera in Western Europe. This country is beautiful and is surrounded on 3 sides by France and the remaining side opens to the vast Mediterranean sea. The citizens of Monaco don’t pay taxes and it is home to the largest number of millionaires and billionaires per capita in the world.
1. Vatican City
Area: 0.44 km²
The smallest country in the world is the Vatican City State. It is a walled enclave within the city of Rome and has the least population. It is home to the biggest church in the world – St. Peter’s Basilica and is the center of the Catholic Church. It is an ecclesiastical state ruled by the Bishop of Rome, the Pope.