Conquering nations and relentlessly expanding their territories has always been a favorite past time of those in power. Whether it was the Romans, Greeks, or Ottomans, it seems that amassing resources, nations, and the pursuit of a powerful legacy played a huge role in the rise and fall of their empires. Although today we no longer see borders shifting back and forth so rapidly, the art of imperialism is still alive and well. Here are the 5 largest empires in history.
5. Umayyad Caliphate
The second of the four Islamic caliphates, it covered more than 5 million square miles making it the largest Arab-Muslim state in history. It employed the best administration system the world has yet to be seen and the fifth largest contiguous empire to exist.This period is also known as the Arab Golden Age. Originally from the city of Mecca, Damascus became its capital.
4. Spanish Empire
This empire was made of colonies and territories in Oceania, Asia, Africa, the Americas as well as Europe. It finds its origin in the Age of Exploration and was among the initial global empires. Spain’s peak of economic as well as political power was reached during this era.
3. Russian Empire
After the Tsardom of Russia, this empire is the second largest contiguous in the world stretching towards Eastern Europe, across Asia and North America. It existed between 1721 until the Russian Revolution of 1917. According to the 1897 census, there are 125.6 million subjects.
2. Mongol Empire
The Mongol World Empire was established in modern-day Mongolia which was established by Genghis Khan and was declared as the ruler of all Mongols.It’s emergence from the unification of the Mongol and Turkic tribes in modern day Mongolia. Because of the advancements, new technologies, and various commodities were disseminated.
1. British Empire
The British empire was the largest empire by the landmass that covered 33.7 million km2. Because of its massive size, it is said that the sun never sets on the British Empire because it spans across the globe ensuring that the sun was always shining on at least on every territory abroad. Everywhere which belongs to the crown, its political, linguistic, and cultural legacy stretches far and wide.