Organic produce is grown without the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, genetically modified organisms, or ionizing radiation. Animals that produce meat, poultry, eggs and dairy products are not fed antibiotics or growth hormones.
Tanzania is one the fifth major organic food producing country in the world. It has a wide range of natural resources and a favorable climate that allows various crops to be grown, such as maize, coffee, cotton, tea, cashew nuts, wheat, sugarcane, and various horticultural crops. Tanzania has almost 45,000 hectares of certified organic agricultural land. The major certified organic products from Tanzania are cotton, dried herbs, spices, coffee, black tea, ginger, vegetable oils, honey, cashew nuts, citrus, papaya, guava, mango, banana, onion, and garlic. Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, the Tanzanian Bureau of Standards and the Tanzanian Food and Drugs Authority (TFDA) are responsible for food quality and safety.
Ethiopia is one of the largest organic food producing country now. It is basically an agricultural and pastoral country and almost 85% population depends on agriculture for their livelihood. Main organic crops grown in Ethiopia include Milk, Meat indigenous, Cereals, Roots and tubers, Maize, Sorghum, Wheat, Broad beans, horse beans and Coffee. Coffee export gives 65% of the foreign exchange for the country.
Mexico is the third largest organic food producing country. Organic products from Mexico’s demand has been increasing nowadays. Mexico has over 1.3 million acres of land dedicated to organic agriculture. Mexico is the main producer and largest exporter of organic coffee and the third largest producer of organic honey currently. Other organic crops grown in Mexico include corn, cacao, avocados, sesame seeds, cactus paddles, vanilla beans, milk, and dairy products.
Uganda has taken important steps in the organic farming system and it is the world’s second largest organic producing country. The products grown organically include cotton (lint, yarn and finished garments), coffee (Arabic and Robusta), sesame (sim sim), dried fruit (pineapples, apple bananas, mangoes), fresh fruits (pineapple, apple bananas, passion fruits, avocados, papaya (pawpaw), ginger), jackfruit, vanilla, cocoa, fish, Shea butter and Shea nuts, bird-eyed chilies, dried hibiscus, honey and bark cloth etc and these products are exported to Europe, USA, Asia and other parts of Africa. the organic products are fully certified by internationally accredited certifying bodies operating in Uganda. It has over 400,000 internationally certified organic farmers and it is second largest certified farmers in the world.
India is the largest organic food producers in the world. India produces a wide range of organic food item include the following Wheat, Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Pigeon pea and Chicken pea etc. organic movement in India has gone smoothly and you can find organic food in many food stores. National Standards for Organic Products certifies products are grown through organic farming, without the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, or induced hormone and this certification is issued by testing centers accredited by the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority, under the National Program for Organic Production of the Government of India.